With the cold weather upon us it will be time to hit the slopes before we know it. Read on to find out what the most common skiing injuries are and preventative tips to keep you off the sidelines and on the hill this season.
1) Knee Ligament Sprains
The ACL and MCL are ligaments that help to stabilize the knee. Injury occurs with a forceful twisting motion from a variety of scenarios including landing jumps, skiing moguls, contact from another skier, crossing skis, widening of the snow plough stance, unexpectedly catching an edge or during a fall when the bindings don’t release. Symptoms include acute pain, swelling, decreased motion and instability. A complete tear of the ACL usually requires surgical intervention. A comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation program is required for both injuries for full recovery and to prevent future episodes.
2) Patello-Femoral Syndrome (PFS)
PFS is a tracking problem of the kneecap. Because the knees are in a bent position for a prolonged period with skiing this puts added strain on the knees causing irritation under the kneecap. Symptoms include pain in front or under the kneecap with skiing, stairs, and squatting and feeling that knee catches or gives way. Contributing factors include a thigh muscle imbalance, overuse, poor biomechanics of the foot (over-pronation) and decreased strength or flexibility of the upper leg and hip muscles. This injury responds well to a combination of manual therapy (ie: Active Release Techniques), strengthening, and rehabilitation.